The prohibition of theft is contained within the permission which G-d granted to Adam and Eve in Genesis 2:16 to eat from the trees of the garden. This implies that if the permission had not been granted, they would have been forbidden to do so, because the property did not belong to them. This applied specifically to the fruit of the Tree of "Knowledge of Good and Evil" which was forbidden for them to take, under penalty of death (Genesis 2:16-17).

Also see Gen. 6:11 & 13 for the reasons why God brought the Flood, Gen. 31:19, Leviticus 19:11 Theft emcompasses the following:

  1. against stealing;
  2. against committing robbery
  3. against shifting a landmark;
  4. against cheating;
  5. against repudiating a claim of money owed;
  6. against overcharging;
  7. against coveting;
  8. against desiring;
  9. a laborer shall be allowed to eat of the fruits among which he works (under certain conditions);
  10. against a laborer eating of such fruit (when certain conditions are not met);
  11. against a laborer taking of such fruit home;
  12. against kidnapping;
  13. against the use of false weights and measures;
  14. against the possession of false weights and measures;
  15. that one shall be exact in the use of weights and measures; and
  16. that the robber shall return (or pay for) the stolen object.


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